The following list of chronologically ordered projects is, by no means complete, but represents some of the more interesting projects conducted over the years. Those that have been included are intended to represent the breadth of capabilities and work product offered by HAR.
Phase I and II reconnaissance of the 1805-1808 Shawnee village, Prophetstown, in Darke County Ohio near Greenville. After conventional archaeological survey techniques failed to locate any artifacts associated with the Shawnee occupation, HAR personnel were contracted to perform an intensive metal detection reconnaissance of this 105 acre parcel.
Phase I and II intensive archaeological investigation of the proposed Shawnee Springs Housing Development near Springfield in Clark County, Ohio. (Battle of Pickaway) A tripartite scheme of visual reconnaissance, electronic detection and mechanical test trenching was employed to ascertain whether or not parts of the Shawnee Indian village and 1780 battle site extended into properties intended for development. Ground Penetrating Radar was utilized in an attempt to find evidence of intact archaeological features and burials.
1794 Battle of Fallen Timbers project. HAR contracted with Maumee Valley Heritage Corridor,Inc. and Heidelberg College Director of Anthropology, G. Michael Pratt Ph.D., to supervise an intensive metal detection survey and to record all artifact position data by GPS for presentation and analysis in a GIS software environment. The Fallen Timbers battlefield is in Lucas County near Maumee, Ohio. Seven subsequent surveys of this and adjacent properties were undertaken during 1996-2000. This site is on the National Register of Historic Places and has been granted affiliated status with the National Park Service.
Acting under the auspices of the Toledo, Ohio firm, Midwest Environmental Consultants, Inc, HAR performed GPS survey of over 400 prehistoric and historic sites on military installations in both Indiana and Ohio. More than 12,000 acres were examined by MEC during these projects. HAR prepared site coordinate data and map presentations for analysis in ArcView GIS.
The 1782 Battle of Sandusky (Crawford's Defeat) near Upper Sandusky, Ohio. HAR cooperated with Heidelberg College to perform a preliminary metal detection reconnaissance of properties thought to be the location of Crawford's Defeat. The survey would attempt to locate and delineate the battle site by recovering military and civilian artifacts that may have been associated with this event.
The Buffington Island Battlefield Archaeological Project was funded through a grant by the American Battlefield Protection Program ABPP and received matching funds from co-sponsor Heidelberg College. HAR was contracted to supervise an intensive metal detection reconnaissance in order to locate key positions on this 1863 battlefield. HAR personnel were responsible for sub-meter GPS survey of artifact locations and subsequent GIS study, as well as, field identification of excavated military and civilian artifacts.
HAR team members cooperated with the Center for Historic and Military Archaeology to direct an intensive metal detection reconnaissance and limited sub-surface testing of Fort Laurens (1778-1789), the only fort built in Ohio during the American Revolution. Site survey data was recorded by GPS and prepared for presentation using GIS cartographic and database analysis techniques. The Fort Laurens State Memorial, located in Tuscarawas county near Bolivar, Ohio, is maintained by the Ohio Historical Society.
The Ohio Historical Society contracted HAR to conduct non-invasive, remote sensing survey of the Fort Meigs State Memorial, a reconstruction of an early 19th century military installation, in Wood county, Perrysburg, Ohio. Geophysical survey techniques with a Geonics EM 38 ground conductivity system were utilized to map sub-surface anomalies in potentially significant areas prior to planned renovation and construction of new Museum facilities within the 65-acre park.
HAR contracted with Dr. David Bush, Heidelberg Center for Historic and Military Archaeology (CHMA), to conduct an electromagnetic conductivity survey and subsurface mapping of the Johnson Island POW cemetery near Sandusky, Ohio.
The Knox County Cemetery Commission (KCCC) hired HAR to assist in the delineation and mapping of a number of threatened pioneer cemeteries in Knox County, Indiana.
HAR remote sensing technicians and metal detection specialists contracted to carry out an Electromagnetic Conductivity (EMC) survey and intensive metal detection reconnaissance of an 1814 battlefield and mass burial site at the Wawashkamo Golf Course on Mackinac Island, Michigan. HAR personnel were also responsible for field identification of recovered artifacts, precision site grid placement with total station, submeter accuracy GPS survey of recovered artifacts, and for designing AutoCAD and ArcView GIS site maps that depict this work.
HAR was employed full-time by Landmark Archaeological & Environmental Services to assist with the I-69 Tier 1 Environmental Impact Study. Responsibilities during this 17-month period included development of a series of spatial data sets within a Geographic Information System (GIS) program environment; and both historic and prehistoric archaeological site probability models to be used in the analysis of more than 2500 sq. miles of proposed alternative highway routes spanning 20 southwestern Indiana counties. The study involved extensive use of georeferenced data layers and ArcView GIS with the Spatial Analyst and Model Builder extensions.
HAR was contracted to assist in the restoration project underway on five abandoned Bartholomew County, Indiana cemeteries. Efforts to locate and accurately map cemetery features, unmarked graves and buried stone markers were carried out in conjunction with monument restorations by Mark Davis, Stone Saver Cemetery Restoration and Helen Wildermuth, owner of Stonehugger Cemetery Restoration, Inc. two Indiana companies that specialize in pioneer cemetery restoration and preservation.
HAR assisted the Center for Historic Military and Archaeology (CHMA); Heidelberg College, Tiffin, Ohio with an intensive metal detection reconnaissance of a proposed construction area in the Clark County Park near Springfield, Ohio. The park intends to extend its interpretive center with a walking trail and authentic Shawnee cabin.
The Knox County Cemetery Commission contracted with HAR to complete the ongoing GPS survey and GIS mapping of fourty-one threatened cemetery sites in Knox County, Indiana, During the course of this work, HAR personnel discovered and reported significant damage to an important pioneer cemetery and early Indiana church site.
Electromagnetic sensing methods, EMC and VLF metal detection, were used to delineate the location of an early 19th century cabin site near the Historic Sauder Village complex in Archibold, Ohio. HAR collaborated with the CHMA and assisted in the identification of multiple discrete areas for further archaeological investigation and excavation.
HAR technicians created a digital map of the remains and earthen walls of Fort Miamis, an 18th century British fort in Maumee, Ohio. High resolution survey and mapping methods were to create a topographic map of the existing park and what remains of the fort's features.
HAR assisted the Lucas County Coroner's office in the delineation of an umarked mid-19th century cemetery in Maumee, Ohio. The accidental discovery of human remains during construction prompted additional investigation efforts.
HAR personnel directed geophysical investigations and site mapping of an early 19th century cemetery in Monroe, Michigan. The project utilized metal detection/magnetometry; Electromagnetic Conductivity (EMC) measurement techniques; and Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR) to identify unmarked burials within the project area. A site map depicting all surface features was created using an electronic total station and CAD. The results of the noninvasive study and accompanying surface feature site map were used by project managers to avoid sensitive areas during renovations of the surrounding property.
Subsurface imaging of a late 18th century cabin site in Oldham County, near Goshen, Kentucky. Intensive metal detection survey in conjunction with both EMC and GPR investigations identified the apparent extent of the cabin site, as well as, a number of unidentified subsurface features. Further work was undertaken in 2006.
The Oak Ridge Cemetery Association, Brown County, Indiana contracted HAR to create a comprehensive site map depicting more than 400 cemetery features, as well as, noninvasive subsurface imaging to identify unmarked burials in sections of the cemetery.
HAR cooperated with the Illinois State Museum Society in reconnaissance of three homestead/farm sites within Fort Leonard Wood, MO. HAR provided personnel for controlled metal detection survey designed to enhance conventional archaeological investigations.
Floyd County Surveyor, Bill Gibson, contracted HAR to undertake a review of historical literature depicting the Floyd County Infirmary (Poor Farm) premises within the New Albany-Floyd County Park on Grant Line Road in New Albany, Indiana. This study was initiated in advance of demolition and construction near the Floyd County Infirmary structure where the possibility of unmarked graves had been rumored.
Cicero Township Trustee, Paul Weismiller, contracted HAR to survey and map two 19th century cemeteries in Tipton County, Indiana. Precision total station survey was employed to create CAD site maps depicting all extant surface features. Readings from all monuments have been integrated with the site maps permitting an accurate inventory and assessment of both properties. Future geophysical investigation and subsurface imaging work on these sites will be undertaken in the future to determine areas for potential cemetery use.
Comprehensive survey and mapping in conjunction with a muti-faceted electronic survey of two Perry Township cemeteries will permit cemetery stewards to reactivate and utilize these 19th century cemetery properties. HAR personnel surveyed and created accurate CAD drawings of both Tippecanoe County, Indiana sites using a Nikon total station. A database of monument readings has been incorporated; site maps and inventory data were created in both electronic and paper formats. Following the intitial mapping stage, each cemetery was subjected to intensive electromagnetic survey and subsurface imaging utilizing both EMC and GPR technologies to identify vacant areas within the properties. Standard size plots within vacant areas were then surveyed and marked for future sale and use.
Test excavations to ground truth EMC and GPR data previously collected on a late 18th century cabin site near Goshen, Kentucky will provide investigators with additional information about the integrity of the site. The cabin, thought to have been built in about 1796, burned to the ground in 1847. Subsurface images indicate near surface areas of disturbance throughout the site and limited excavation units confirmed this.
St. John's Cemetery Delineation Project, Dearborn County, Indiana. As part of a church facility expansion designed to take place near an existing 19th century cemetery, property managers were required by Indiana law to identify the extent of the site before ground breaking could commence. HAR first conducted noninvasive subsurface investigation of the peripheral areas of the cemetery, followed by careful mechanical excavation to remove topsoil and safely reveal grave shaft intrusions into the soil substrate without disturbance of human remains. The boundaries of the cemetery that fell within proposed construction areas were unequivocally delimited in this manner.
19th century cemetery reactivation project. HAR personnel conducted noninvasive geophysical investigations within existing boundaries of the Stewart and Sumner cemeteries in Cicero Township, Tipton County Indiana. Apparently vacant areas of both cemetery sites were subjected to subsurface imaging study and classified for potential use. New cemetery plots were designed to permit access by funeral directors using modern mechanical excavators. Areas determined to be vacant during this phase of the work were surveyed, staked out and added to the respective cemetery schematic maps, with electronic documentation for future use by cemetery managers.
Cooperation with Landmark Archaeological & Environmental Services; on the Phase Ic Archaeological Field Reconnaissance: Proposed Water System Improvement Project for the Town of Santa Claus, Spencer County, Indiana. HAR carried out precision GPS survey and mapping of (205) Phase Ic trenches along a narrow 2.5 mile proposed corridor. HAR personnel also provided GIS analysis and presentation graphic support for Landmark's final report.
Assisted Landmark Archaeological & Environmental Services with GIS thematic analysis and site documentation support for the proposed right-of-way of the US 231 Jasper-Huntingburg Bypass in Dubois County, Indiana. Electromagnetic Conductivity (EMC) and Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR) technologies were utilized as enhancements to hand and machine excavations on two sites with potential for buried archaeological features.
HAR personnel conducted GPR and EMC subsurface survey of two cemeteries in Hamilton County, Indiana. Both cemetery sites exist near the planned widening of a county road. Survey and mapping of areas adjacent to the right-of-way was undertaken in conjunction with subsusurface imaging in an effort to ensure that no unmarked graves would be disturbed during planned road construction.
GPR subsurface imaging survey of a small pioneer cemetery in Oldham County, Kentucky. This study successfully located the evacuated graves of two persons that had been disinterred and reburied elsewhere. Several other unmarked grave locations were identified in the process.
Site mapping and database integration of a 1.1 acre cemetery for the Mill Township Trustee, in Gas City, Indiana. Utilizing an electronic total survey station and CAD software, HAR created a detailed site map depicting all monuments and surface features. The detailed map of this property will be used for future management and maintenance of this cemetery.
Following comprehensive survey and mapping of a mid-19th century cemetery in Lake Zurich, Illinois, HAR technicians conducted noninvasive GPR investigations and subsequently classified vacant areas for future sale and use. Use of existing site maps and documentation permitted investigators to determine areas with potential vacancies, and to subject designated areas to a subsurface imaging survey strategy. Lot identifiers were added throughout the cemetery and the database of known interments was significantly enhanced during this study.
Technical support and consultation with Landmark Archaeological & Environmental Services during extensive report preparation of the US 231 Jasper-Huntingburg Bypass project in Dubois County, Indiana. HAR provided GIS thematic analysis and site documentation support including detailed maps illustrating Dubois County soils interpretations, Phase Ic and Phase II site specific mapping utilizing USGS base maps and aerial images, as well as, custom vector maps and illustrations designed to Landmark's standards.
HAR carried out GPR survey of two Adams County cemeteries near Berne, Indiana. Vacant areas were identified in both cemeteries and new grave plots were delineated and marked for future use by the Wabash Township Trustee.
Historic Archaeological Research was contracted by Heidelberg College to assist in a project funded by the National Park Service, American Battlefield Protection Program (NPS ABPP). This fieldwork was designed as a public participation archaeological project intended to investigate four peripheral areas of the 1813 River Raisin Battlefield in Monroe, Michigan.
HAR personnel were responsible for the following: 1.) Site survey that consisted of creation and stakeout of discrete 10-meter grid systems within the four previously determined areas of interest. 2.) Geographic Information System site mapping and integration with prior digital work product associated with this NPS site; and 3.) Supervision of the volunteer metal detection workforce that was utilized on this project.
Site survey, mapping and subsurface imaging carried out by HAR technicians will assist the Tanglewood Cemetery Association with future use of an older section of the Tanglewood Baptist Church Cemetery in Ripley County, Indiana.
HAR carried out comprehensive electronic survey and site map creation of the mid 19th and early 20th century section of the Concord Cemetery in Tippecanoe County, Indiana. The location of more than 400 monuments, gravestones and plot markers have been accurately determined and illustrated using CAD software. Data taken from all readable features was recorded and compared with a database compiled in 1965. This study will assist cemetery managers with future maintenance and or restoration in this part of the Concord cemetery. A subsurface imaging study using Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR) to identify discrete disturbed areas with unmarked graves was undertaken in apparently unoccupied areas throughout the 1-acre section of the cemetery. Areas found to be vacant during this stage of work have been delineated and/or staked out for future cemetery use.
The Farmer's Institute Cemetery Association contracted with HAR to undertake survey, mapping and documentation of a 19th century Quaker cemetery in Tippecanoe County, Indiana. The oldest section of the cemetery is badly damaged with many displaced, missing or broken gravestones. Non-invasive subsurface imaging was carried out in discrete areas of the property where damage to older cemetery monuments is prevalent. A circa 1912 survey and stakeout of lots provided investigators with a base map of the cemetery as it existed in the early 20th century. This early map of the property was digitized and its accuracy verified by locating a series of lot corner markers set by the 1912 surveyor. This 99 year old map was prepared in CAD for use as a layer in the site map of current conditions. All extant surface features including altered driveway courses, trees, aisle ways, signs, drainage tiles, monuments, plot markers, etc. were surveyed and added to a 2011 map of the property. The Farmer's Institute Cemetery Association also annexed additional property along the western terminus of the property. HAR personnel surveyed and staked out new lots for future sale and use in this area.
HAR technicians assisted Accidental Discoveries, LLC with electronic survey and site mapping of a Phase II archaeological investigation at Lock 47 of the Wabash and Erie Canal in Vigo County, Indiana.
Subsurface imaging utilizing Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR) in the Walnut Creek Cemetery in Gas City, Indiana identified and confirmed vacant areas for future sale by the Office of the Mill Township Trustee. Twenty-one apparently vacant areas of the cemetery that were previously identified with potential for use during a 2009 study were thoroughly investigated. Ten lots consisting of (50) new grave units were created and added to the Walnut Creek cemetery inventory.
HAR cooperated with a team consisting of cemetery restoration personnel and archaeologists to delineate the extents of a badly disturbed and vandalized cemetery for Columbus Utility Services, in Bartholomew County, Indiana. The cemetery was discovered during plans for use of the property as a borrow for fill. The small family cemetery was abandoned in the latter part of the 19th century, and had fallen into ruin before additional damage by livestock and vandals nearly obliterated it completely. The hilltop location was overgrown with broken stone grave markers strewn about; many some distance from the original burial place. The entire hilltop site was clear cut, and all surface features surveyed and mapped. After preliminary subsurface imaging with GPR was inconclusive, systematic near surface topsoil removal was undertaken in the peripheral margins of the site to determine the outside extents of the cemetery. Construction of a fence is planned to identify the cemetery boundaries and prevent further damage to the cemetery and remaining monuments.
Cooperation with cemetery restoration personnel in the assessment of a mismarked cemetery on the Crane Naval Surface Warfare Center (NSWC) in Martin County, Indiana. A cemetery monument was found within a dump area necessitating further investigation to determine the potential presence of human burials. A VLF metal detector and magnetometer were used to assist with the removal of surface and near surface metal debris found among other rubbish and demolition materials. Following the surface preparation and clearing of a 400 sq' area, Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR) survey was conducted in a grid pattern at 1' intervals to identify any subsurface disturbances.
Non invasive investigation to identify buried features on portions of a Montgomery County, Indiana farm. The intensive study included survey of approximately 3/4 acre at 2' intervals using multiple electronic technologies. Subsurface imaging with Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR), as well as, TR, VLF and Pulse Induction metal detection were utilized to systematically analyze the property identifying all subsurface features and areas consisting of metal artifact concentrations.
Survey and stakeout delineating the extents of the 2.2 acre annex to the Concord cemetery in southern Tippecanoe County, Indiana. Preliminary design of proposed lot layout to include a road connecting the new and old sections of the cemetery.
Design and construction of a new 1/2 acre section annexed to the Union Cemetery in Kosciusko County, near Syracuse, Indiana. Using CAD software, the annex was designed to the specifications of the Turkey Creek Township Trustee, Mrs. Barbara Griffith. New lots and pathways were surveyed with a Nikon electronic total station and delineated with 3.5" diameter stainless steel plot markers.
Nononvasive subsurface imaging to identify the potential for clandestine slave burials outside the perimeter of a small Owen County, Kentucky cemetery. Preliminary investigation using VLF and magnetometer metal detection revealed dense concentrations of metallic trash. GPR data collected in this area was therefore inconclusive.
Redesign and completion of the Concord Cemetery annex. Stakeout and installation of lot markers.
HAR assisted Accidental Discoveries, LLC with Location of an umarked grave in the Logansport State Mental Hospital cemetery in Logansport, Indiana. The general area where this individual had been buried was known; however, the exact location was needed for disinterment without disturbing any nearby burials. Technicians utlized GPR to reveal the location. The remains were exhumed, identified by the County Coroner and reburied at another cemetery.
Comprehensive electronic survey, documentation and mapping of the Americus Cemetery in Tippecanoe County, Indiana. The location of all monuments, and plot markers have been accurately determined and illustrated using CAD software. Data taken from all readable features was recorded and compared with an existing database. A subsurface imaging study using Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR) to identify disturbed areas with unmarked graves was undertaken in apparently vacant areas found throughout the cemetery. Areas found to be undisturbed have been added to the site map and staked out for future cemetery use.
Design, survey and stakeout of an annex to the Cobblestone Cemetery in Walworth, Wisconsin. HAR also created the site map and an electronc database for recording future interments.
HAR conducted a comprehensive subsurface imaging study of vacant areas within the boundaries of the Lutheran Cemetery near Porterfield, Wisconsin. Design and stakeout of lots was completed in the vacant area within this property, and was added to a site map depicting both the newly created and previously utilized sections of the cemetery.
HAR contracted with the City of St. Mary's Ohio to conduct a multi-faceted electronic survey designed to identify and delineate unmarked soldier graves associated with the 1794-96 military occupation of Fort St. Mary’s. The area of interest was approximately ½ acre area of Geiger Park in St. Mary's, Ohio. A preliminary metal detection reconnaissance using handheld magnetometers and VLF metal detectors was undertaken at 1-meter intervals to identify the presence and location of any buried metal features or near surface metal artifacts, and to determine subsurface imaging (GPR) feasibility. When much of the area was found to consist almost entirely of large metalic and other demoltion debris, thus rendering a subsurface imaging inadvisable, a systematic mechanical stripping of the area was carried out. Trenches were situated so as to intersect a portion of the anticipated cemetery regardless of its location on the property. No human remains were subsequently found.
2016 HAR contracted with the Cloverdale Cemetery Association to create digital documentation and accurate site maps from existing paper records. The first stages of conversion are complete. Additional digitizing and documentation to be accomplished in the future.
Research Project: ArcView GIS and the Spatial Analyst extension were used to create a predictive model of prehistoric archaeological sites along the White and Muskatatuck Rivers in Jackson County, Indiana.
Background research to identify the location of a 1780 blockhouse fort and cabin site near Shelbyville in Shelby County, Kentucky. Research is ongoing.
Comprehensive survey, mapping and digital record creation of the Knightridge Cemetery for the Salt Creek Township Trustee, Monroe County, Indiana. A precision map of more than 1500 monuments, markers and surface features on the property, as well as, digital documentation of all visible and presumed interments have been created. Subsurface imaging with GPR in apparently vacant areas to determine the feasibility of future cemetery use was also undertaken.
Mount Ebal Cemetery, Monroe County, Indiana. GPR investigation of discrete areas specified by the Clear Creek Township Trustee to ensure that future use of these areas would not disturb human remains.
Miller Cemetery, Mapping and documentation of a mid 19th century cemetery near Shipshewana in Lagrange County, Indiana. All visible surface features were mapped and accurate documentation of all visible monuments was undertaken to create a 2017 record. Existing records were scrutinized and corrected where applicable. Vacant areas within the cemetery were investigated first with a magnetometer and pulse induction metal detector, and finally with GPR to identify utilized and vacant areas on the property.
Studebaker Cemetery, Adams County, Indiana. Location of an unmarked grave for the office of the Wabash Township Trustee.
North Lawn Cemetery, Hendricks County, Indiana. Design and stake out of an annex to the property was undertaken for the Washington Township Trustee. Vacant areas on the premises were carefully investigated non-invasively using a thorough metal detection strategy followed by subsurface imaging with GPR to prove that the new lots intended were sutiable for future cemetery use. The annex design provides for adequate access by mechanical excavation equipment and funeral vehicles with latitude for expansion as the cemetery is fully occupied.
The last five project entries demonstrate the various facets of cemetery investigation that HAR personnel are capable of and may provide in a timely manner. Whether your project involves accurate site mapping and documentation only; design and layout of new lots, or requires a comprehensive subsurface study of a cemetery, HAR can assess your needs and provide you with the cost effective services you need to better understand and utilize the properties under your control.
This page is updated infrequently. Please check back periodically and more recent HAR projects will be added.